Society Earl Marshal


Society Earl Marshal - Marshallate Updates

Changes to the Marshal's Handbook - May 2013

Change to page 12, VI. ARMOR REQUIREMENTS:

OLD VERSION OF RULE:
G. Arm Armor
The elbow point and bones at either side of the elbow joint must be covered by a rigid material underlain by at least 1/4 inch (6mm) of closed-cell foam or equivalent padding. This armor shall be attached in such a way that the elbow remains covered during combat. A shield alone is NOT sufficient, since it covers only the outermost point of the elbow.
 
NEW VERSION OF RULE:
G. Arm Armor
The elbow point and bones at either side of the elbow joint must be covered by a rigid material underlain by at least 1/4 inch (6mm) of closed-cell foam or equivalent padding. This armor shall be attached in such a way that the elbow remains covered during combat. A shield alone is sufficient on a side strapped shield, if the elbow is 4 inches (10.2cm) or more from the edge of the shield during typical use.
 

Change to page 14, VII. WEAPONS STANDARDS

OLD VERSION OF RULE:
D. Fiberglass Spears
4. All fiberglass spears must have a thrusting tip a minimum of 3 inches (76.2 mm) in diameter or cross-section. Additionally, these thrusting tips must be constructed so that there is a minimum of 3 inches (76.2 mm) of resilient material in front of the PVC end cap and shall provide progressively resistant give under pressure without allowing contact with the PVC end cap.
 
NEW VERSION OF RULE:
D. Fiberglass Spears
4. All fiberglass spears must have a thrusting tip that is a minimum of 2 inches (50.8 mm) in diameter/cross-section and have 2 inches (50.8 mm) of resilient material in front of the PVC end cap, thereby providing progressively resistant give without allowing contact with the PVC end cap.

Changes to the Marshal's Handbook - May 2012

Change to page 13:

OLD VERSION OF RULE:
B. Single-Handed Weapons: Weapons that shall be used in one hand shall have the following requirements:
1. Single handed weapons shall be constructed of rattan or rattan-cored Siloflex or Siloflex equivalent and shall be not less than 1 1⁄4 inch (31.8 mm) in total diameter (including tape) along its entire length excepting the handle.
 
NEW VERSION OF RULE:
B. Single-Handed Weapons: Weapons that shall be used in one hand shall have the following requirements:
1. Single handed weapons shall be constructed of one of the following:
  • rattan
  • rattan-cored Siloflex or Siloflex equivalent
  • naural polypropylene round rod (max diameter: 1-1/4 inches (31.8mm))
and shall be not less than 1 1⁄4 inch (31.8 mm) in total diameter (including tape) along its entire length excepting the handle.

Here are two companies that carries the product:
www.iplasticsupply.com/shopping-cart/polypropylene-pp-rod/
www.mcmaster.com/#standard-polypropylene-rods/=hk5bze

Or do a web search for plastic vendors in your area – some will carry it in stock.


Changes to the Marshal's Handbook - November 5, 2011:

Change page 10 - VI. ARMOR REQUIREMENTS

OLD VERSION OF RULE:
A. All participants on the field during adult armored combat shall meet the Society minimum armor standards for a fully armored combatant. This includes, but is not limited to, combat archers, siege engineers and other combatants. It does not include marshals, water-bearers, or chirurgeons. Special attention should be paid to appearance and the atmosphere of a medieval event should be maintained.
NEW VERSION OF RULE:
A. All participants on the field during adult armored combat shall meet the Society minimum armor standards for a fully armored combatant. This includes, but is not limited to, combat archers, siege engineers and other combatants. It does not include marshals, water-bearers, or chirurgeons. All authorized combatants and warranted Marshals shall disguise, cover, or remove modern corporate logos and sport gear unless necessary for medical reasons. Special attention should be paid to appearance and the atmosphere of a medieval event should be maintained.
Change on page 12 - VI. ARMOR REQUIREMENTS, Section F. Hand and Wrist Armor

OLD VERSION OF RULE
4. A shield with a shield basket or equivalent. A shield alone is NOT sufficient, since it covers the back of the hand, but not the fingers, thumb, or wrist.
NEW VERSION OF RULE
4. A shield with a shield basket or equivalent. A shield alone is NOT sufficient, since it covers the back of the hand, but not the fingers, thumb, or wrist. A shield alone may be an equivalent to full hand protection if no part of the gloved hand or wrist is within 4 inches (10.2cm) of the edge of the shield while the shield is in use.
Add to page 13:
VII. WEAPONS STANDARDS
A. GENERAL
14. No "punch daggers" or thrusting weapons that have the blade or tip more perpendicular than parallel to the grip.
15. No shovel type handles on any thrusting weapon.
16. Weapons under 48" (1.22 m) or greater than 7' 6" (2.29 m) in length shall not have a butt spike or a thrusting tip at both ends.
 
Change on page 14: VII. WEAPONS STANDARDS, C. Two-Handed Weapons
 
OLD VERSION OF RULE:
3. If the weapon has a head, it shall not be constructed of solely rigid materials. The head shall be firmly and securely attached to the haft. The head shall allow at least 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of progressive give between the striking surface and the weapon haft. Laminated or split rattan construction techniques do not require 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of progressive give, so long as their construction imparts striking characteristics similar to an unpadded weapon constructed of a single piece of rattan.
NEW VERSION OF RULE:
3. If the weapon has a head, it shall not be constructed of solely rigid materials. The head shall be firmly and securely attached to the haft. The head shall allow at least 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of progressive give between the striking surface and the weapon haft. Semi-rigid ultra-lightweight shaped foam heads and laminated or split rattan construction techniques do not require 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of progressive give, so long as their construction imparts striking characteristics similar to an unpadded weapon constructed of a single piece of rattan.
Addition to page 20, XII. COMBAT INJURY PROCEDURES

Add:
B. All injuries that require hospitalization or similar care, a period of unconsciousness, or may require future medical care need to be reported to your KEM within 24 hours of the incident. Include all available details in the report.
 

Changes to the Siege Engine Handbook - November 5, 2011:

Change page 8, III. Siege Ammunition, B.

OLD VERSION OF RULE:
B. Siege Class Munitions (1-pound foam-filled rocks, 4-tennis-ball rocks, and 48-inch ballista bolts) must be colored with yellow tape in the following manners to denote them as Siege Class Munitions. Rocks, both 1-pound foam and 4-tennis-ball, must have at least 50% of their surfaces covered with yellow tape. Ballista bolts made with Siloflex that is not yellow in color must have their shafts and striking surfaces covered completely with yellow tape. These munitions may not be fired from small arms or thrown by hand.
NEW VERSION OF RULE:
B. Siege Class Munitions (1-pound foam-filled rocks, 4-tennis-ball rocks, and 48-inch ballista bolts) must be colored with yellow tape in the following manners to denote them as Siege Class Munitions. Rocks, both 1-pound foam and 4-tennis-ball, must have at least 50% of their surfaces covered with yellow tape. Ballista bolts made with Siloflex that is not yellow in color must have the entire first 12" (30 cm) and the last 12" (30 cm) of their shafts and striking surfaces covered completely with yellow tape. These munitions may not be fired from small arms or thrown by hand.
Change page 9, III. Siege Ammunition, E.2

OLD VERSION OF RULE:
2. Spliced golf tube javelins. Splices must be secured with cord and/or filament tape. Striking tips may be either a single tennis ball, tied on and taped with filament and duct tape, or a thrusting tip with a minimum of 3 inches of foam between the striking surface and the end of the javelin and a minimum diameter of 2. inches. It must have at least 1 inch of progressive give and cannot bottom on the tube. Additionally, the end of the tube must be capped with a minimum of 1/8-inch heavy leather or a 35mm film container securely held in place with filament tape. The tubes may be reinforced with medium-density foam, such as pipe insulation, in order to prevent crush damage. Film canisters, PVC rings (no more than 2 inches long), and similar non-brittle, nonmetallic, lightweight reinforcements (securely attached) may be used at the butt end of the javelin. Non-rigid fletching may be used. Javelins will be at least 48 inches and clearly marked with yellow tape for the length of the shaft.
NEW VERSION OF RULE
2. Spliced golf tube javelins. Splices must be secured with cord and/or filament tape. Striking tips may be either a single tennis ball, tied on and taped with filament and duct tape, or a thrusting tip with a minimum of 3 inches (76mm) of foam between the striking surface and the end of the javelin and a minimum diameter of 2 inches (50mm). It must have at least 1 inch of progressive give and cannot bottom on the tube. Additionally, the end of the tube must be capped with a minimum of 1/8-inch (3mm) heavy leather or a 35mm film container securely held in place with filament tape. The tubes may be reinforced with medium-density foam, such as pipe insulation, in order to prevent crush damage. Film canisters, PVC rings (no more than 2 inches (50mm) long), and similar non-brittle, nonmetallic, lightweight reinforcements (securely attached) may be used at the butt end of the javelin. Non-rigid fletching may be used. Javelins will be at least 48 inches (1.22 m) in length and clearly marked with yellow tape as described in section B.for the length of the shaft.

March 28, 2011:

  • The target areas are identified in the Handbook. Ever fighter has the obligation to make the target areas clear to their opponent. If any aspect of one's garb or armor obfuscates the line between target zone and non target zone the fighter must advise his opponent prior to the fight. In other words a fighter with baggy pants must somehow identify the top of the knee to his opponent.

  • The MIC of an event has sanction jurisdiction over any fighter at the event. Such sanction may extend past the duration of the event and the KEM of the sanctioned individual shall be notified as soon as possible. The sanctioned fighter may appeal the sanction to the KEM of the host Kingdom or the SEM if the KEM is the MIC.

  • NO METAL OR UNAPPROVED RIGID MATERIAL MAY BE USED IN THE STRIKING SURFACE OR SURFACES OF ANY WEAPON.

  • Fighters have a responsibility and liability to themselves for their armor inspection between inspections at all times. This includes between bouts and between battles.

Changes to the Marshal's Handbook:

  1. On page 5:
    I. COMBAT AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENTS
    B. Minor Authorization
    Add new item:
    6. Minors combating with adults shall be marked in the following manner: A single yellow diamond no larger than 1" (25mm) but no smaller than 0.5" (12.5mm) to be placed on the front hemisphere of the helm (preferably on or near the inspection sticker).

    Minors competing with adults in Rapier will have the same diamond on the cuff of the glove of their dominant weapon hand.

  2. On pages 10/11, change:
    B. Helms
    1. Helms shall be constructed from steel which has a thickness of no less than .0625 inch (1/16 inch or 1.6mm), or of equivalent material. Alternative materials, such as stainless steel, brass, bronze, or like materials, are permissible as long as the material is structurally equivalent to 0.0625-inch-thick steel. The mass of the helm is an important part of the protection. As such, no titanium, fiberglass, aluminum, or other ultra-light materials may be used. If a spun-metal top is to be used in the construction of the helm, it shall be a minimum of 0.0747 inch (14-gauge) steel. The process of spinning the top thins the metal, thereby requiring a heavier gauge.

    To: (changes are underlined and bold)

    B. Helms
    1. Helms shall be constructed from steel which has a thickness of no less than .0625 inch (1/16 inch or 1.6mm), or of equivalent material. Alternative materials, such as stainless steel, brass, bronze, or like materials, are permissible as long as the material is structurally equivalent to 0.0625-inch-thick steel. The mass of the helm is an important part of the protection. As such, no titanium, fiberglass, aluminum, or other ultra-light materials may be used unless they meet the equivalent mass, strength, and weight of steel which has a thickness of no less than .0625 inch (1/16 inch or 1.6mm). Proof of construction technique, materials, and equivalency must be provided to the KEM for an approval for in-Kingdom use. If a spun-metal top is to be used in the construction of the helm, it shall be a minimum of 0.0747 inch (14-gauge) steel. The process of spinning the top thins the metal, thereby requiring a heavier gauge.

  3. On page 24, change:
    XV. EQUIPMENT INSPECTION GUIDELINES
    A. General Information
    1. At each event, the Marshal in Charge must arrange for the inspection of all equipment to be used in combat (e.g., armor and weapons). This in no way relieves the individual combatants of their responsibility for following the equipment standards. Ultimately, the fighter is responsible for the condition and safety of their armor and weapons. However, the marshal's inspection is intended to provide a second pair of experienced eyes and an outside point of view. A reminder: Equipment that was perfectly serviceable at the beginning of the previous event could have broken since, and even the most experienced fighter can occasionally forget some piece of armor. The inspection outlined below is merely an example. For purposes of illustration, the inspection described is for regular SCA combat without missile weapons. It does not necessarily include checks for additional requirements that your Kingdom may have added. A checklist might be helpful as you do the inspection, until you have done so many that it becomes second nature. (As noted in the section on marshaling combat, a quick visual check of the combatants just before the start of a bout or battle is also a good idea.) All of this is based on the equipment standards given in the Appendix. You should be familiar with them, as well as with any other requirements that your Kingdom may have instituted. The fact that one of the requirements is not mentioned on this checklist does not mean that you should not notice if it has not been met.
    To: (additions are underlined and bold)
    XV. EQUIPMENT INSPECTION GUIDELINES
    A. General Information
    1. At each event, the Marshal in Charge must arrange for the inspection of all equipment to be used in combat (e.g., armor and weapons). This in no way relieves the individual combatants of their responsibility for following the equipment standards. Ultimately, the fighter is responsible for the condition and safety of their armor and weapons at all times. This includes periods between bouts, between battles, and from day to day periods between battles at a long event. However, the marshal's inspection is intended to provide a second pair of experienced eyes and an outside point of view. A reminder: Equipment that was perfectly serviceable at the beginning of the previous event could have broken since, and even the most experienced fighter can occasionally forget some piece of armor. The inspection outlined below is merely an example. For purposes of illustration, the inspection described is for regular SCA combat without missile weapons. It does not necessarily include checks for additional requirements that your Kingdom may have added. A checklist might be helpful as you do the inspection, until you have done so many that it becomes second nature. (As noted in the section on marshaling combat, a quick visual check of the combatants just before the start of a bout or battle is also a good idea.) All of this is based on the equipment standards given in the Appendix. You should be familiar with them, as well as with any other requirements that your Kingdom may have instituted. The fact that one of the requirements is not mentioned on this checklist does not mean that you should not notice if it has not been met.
  4. Mandrake style rubber 2" tips (black and red) are to be considered an equivalent to 3" tips for use on fiberglass spearshafts up to 9' in length as of March 1, 2011. Mandrake tips must be attached as per the instructions and all included foam discs must be used as directed in the included instructions. Tips may not be taped or attached in such a way that the mechanical properties of the tip are altered significantly.

Announcements from March 15th, 2009

Buffer Zones for Combat Archery

B. A buffer zone needs to be provided between the edges of the battlefield and spectators at all times. This needs to be increased when combat archery is included. The Marshal-in-Charge must ensure that it is a safe distance, taking into account the type of scenario, to minimize the chances of deflected shots traveling into the spectators. Physical barriers may eliminate the need for a buffer zone or lessen the distance needed.

My interpretation of this rule means that spectators should be safe from deflected shots such as bounces off of helmets as well as direct fire. No spectators should be able to be hit with a bounced arrow as well as direct fire. I've personally seen a bounceback that went 30 feet right back at the archer and a skipoff that went 90 degrees and 30 feet or so. These usually involve tumbling of the arrow and are very dangerous.


Striking surface

Because of the nature of our activities and the ability of our weapons to break during use the "striking surface" of a weapon is to be considered throughout the entire striking portion, blade, or head, of the weapon, not only the outside "skin" or layer. This includes all interior construction materials and parts no matter how "deep" inside.


Rulings


Weapon construction

"With the exception of the hilts, guards and pommels, no metal or non-approved rigid, granular, or liquid material may be used in the construction of single or two-handed weapons including spears."


Single Hand weapons: thrusting tips

VII. WEAPONS STANDARDS, Section B, page 13

Old Standard

5. When thrusting tips are used, they shall be at least the same diameter as the shaft of the weapon they are mounted on and have at least 1 1/4 inch (31.8 mm) of resilient material in front of the rigid tip of the weapon providing at least 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) of progressively resistant give across the face of the thrusting tip. (Note: Pressing with the thumb into the center of the thrusting tip is not an adequate test. The give must be across the entire face of the tip.).

New Standard

5. When thrusting tips are used, they shall be at least the same diameter as the shaft of the weapon they are mounted on and have at least 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) of resilient material in front of the rigid tip of the weapon providing at least 3/8 inch (9.53 mm) of progressively resistant give across the face of the thrusting tip. (Note: Pressing with the thumb into the center of the thrusting tip is not an adequate test. The give must be across the entire face of the tip.)


Rattan Two-handed weapons: thrusting tips

VII. WEAPONS STANDARDS, Section C, page 14

Old Standard

5. When thrusting tips are used, they shall be no less than 2 inches (50.8 mm) in diameter/cross-section and have 2 inches (50.8 mm) of resilient material in front of the rigid tip of the weapon, thereby providing progressively resistant give.

New Standard

5. (a) When thrusting tips are used on rattan weapons with greater length than 7.5', they shall be no less than 2 inches (50.8 mm) in diameter/cross-section and have 2 inches (50.8 mm) of resilient material in front of the rigid tip of the weapon, thereby providing progressively resistant give.
(b) When thrusting tips are used on rattan weapons with length less than or equal to 7.5', they shall be at least the same diameter as the shaft of the weapon they are mounted on and have 1.5 inches (38.1 mm) of resilient material in front of the rigid tip of the weapon, thereby providing progressively resistant give. (Note: Pressing with the thumb into the center of the thrusting tip is not an adequate test. The give must be across the entire face of the tip.)

top of page